The first Stolperstein (literally stumbing stone) was installed in Kreuzeberg, Berlin by artist Gunter Demnig without permission. It was later legalised and since the year 2000 stoplersteine may be seen in over 610 places in Germany over as well as in Austria, Hungary, the Netherlands, Belgium, the Czech Republic, Norway and Ukraine.
A stolperstein is a commemorative brass plaque which is installed in the pavement in front of a Nazi victims last 'address of choice'.
Gunter Demnig says that "a person is only forgotten when his or her name is forgotten". The Stolpersteine in front of the buildings bring back to memory the people who once lived here. Each “stone” begins with HERE LIVED… One “stone”. One name. One person.
Berlin Memorials >